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Coffee Plantation in India
Indian coffee bears a unique historic flavor which was introduced around four hundred years ago. Initially, the coffee plantation was limited to Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, but now it has gradually reached Andhra and Orissa. To talk about the growth of Indian coffee is mainly to mention its diverse climate condition, suitable for cultivation of different varieties of coffee. Arabicas, a mild quality coffee grows tremendously in the high elevation regions of the country whereas Robustas needs humid condition to cultivate.
Coffee was believed to have set off in Cachar district of Assam in the year 1853. The supplementary coffee plantation area in the non-traditional regions was projected in the North Eastern Region. Coffee Plantation in India is successfully providing employment to tribal people inhabiting the hill areas of the region which also tremendously helps in preventing soil erosion. Coffee Plantation is synonymous to afforestation and thus improving the ecology of the North Eastern Region and the socio-economic condition of India.
Coffee is a labor-intensive crop which needs at least 2.5 people per hectare for growth and maintenance. North-Eastern regions of India such as Mizoram, Cherapunjee, Meghalaya, Tripura and Assam are blessed with a lot of Coffee gardens in India. India is now happy to get large varieties of coffees, as nearly 50 diverse sorts of shade trees are found in Indian coffee plantation.
The process of Coffee cultivation in India is based on a precise two-tier mixed shade canopy, including evergreen leguminous trees. A large array of spices and fruit crops as vanilla, orange, banana, pepper and cardamom cultivate together with coffee plants. India is popular for offering the unique under shade coffee to its visitors. Characteristically mild and not too acidic, the Indian Coffee is liked and preferred for possessing an exotic full-bodied taste with a fine fragrance.